BENGUET ‘Abong’ (IP House)
Abong - the traditional house of Kankana-ey and Ibaloi of Benguet
Nipa huts were the original houses of the Kankana-ey and the Ibaloi of Benguet long before the coming of the Spaniards. The nipa hut is still being used as a domicile today, especially in the rural areas. It provides basic shelter from the most available and inexpensive materials and works well as protection against the wind and rain.
The house is usually elevated to shoulder height with tree stumps as protection against animals and pests. It is compact, making it easier to keep oneself warm in the cold mountains of Benguet. It is constructed out of bamboo, stick, wood and cogon grass. Tied together through the use of bamboo and rattan strips, this native house can withstand the gale-force wind during typhoons that ravage the country every year.
TRADITIONAL KALINGA HOUSE
The Kalinga Traditional House
The traditional Kalinga house, either square or rectangular, is a single room with elevated flooring. The house interior has three sections: 1) a side section called “sipi” with a sleeping bed for two persons; 2) the middle portion called “ladak” usually divided into three parts – sleeping area, dining area, and receiving area; 3) another side section which serves as the cooking area and an open space.
The cooking area called “darpong” is a square-shaped receptacle made of wooden slabs and filled with hard clay. It serves as the hearth. Here, three pieces of stones forming a triangle hold pots for cooking. Above the “darpong” is a “su-ugan” or a drying mat for palay. The open space serves as he pounding area during the rainy season or at night time.
The “dugo,” the space underneath the flooring, serves as a utility area – for stacking firewood, storage of farm implements, etc. The house consists of cogon for roofing; split bamboo for flooring; spliced and woven bamboo for the walls. It has two main doors – one leading to the house proper and the other leading to the “dugo.” Continue reading